Serious Leisure Perspective
Adebiyi, M. E. (2018). Serious leisure as a catalyst to community development as defined by community engagement. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Health, Recreation and Community Services, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, USA.
Adesoye A. A., & Ajibua M. A. (2015). Exploring the concept of leisure and its impact on quality of life. American Journal of Social Science Research, 1(2), 77-84.
Adorjánÿ, L., & Lovejoy, F. (2003). Representations of leisure in the writings of Robert G. Barrett. Annals of Leisure Research 6(4), 307-318. DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2003.10600929
Akyildiz, M. (2013). A serious view of leisure: Serious leisure theory in leisure researches. Pamukkale Journal of Sport Sciences, 4(2), 46-59.
Akyildiz, M. (2013). The relationship between serious and casual participants’ personality characteristics with leisure satisfaction and life satisfaction. PhD dissertation, School of Physical Education and Sport, Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey. (in Turkish)
Akgül, B.M., Özdemir, A.S., Öğüt, E.E.E., & Karaküçük, S. (2016). Serious leisure inventory and measurement: Validity and reliability analysis (Ciddi Boş Zaman Envanteri ve Ölçümü : Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması). Journal of Human Sciences, 13(2). DOI:10.14687/jhs.v13i2.3739. Also available in Research Gate.
Ambrose, M. (2010). Voluntary simplicity as an urban lifestyle: Resisting a consumer economy.
Ashton, D. (2011). Playstations and workstations: Identifying and negotiating digital games work. Information Technology & People, 24(1), 10-25. doi: 10.1108/09593841111109396
Backlund, E.A., & Kuentzel, W.F. (2013). Beyond progression in specialization research: Leisure capital and participation change. Leisure Sciences, 35, 293-299.
Baker, D.A. & and Palmer, R.J. (2006). Examining the effects of perceptions of community and recreation participation on quality of life. Social Indicators Research, 75, 395-418.
Bellenger, M. C. (2017). Prendre au « sérieux » les loisirs de prédation : Chasse, pêche, cueillette et naturalisme dans l’estuaire de la Seine. PhD Thesis, CETAPS, Université de Rouen Normandie, France.
Best, S. (2010). Leisure studies. Themes & perspectives. London: Sage (see pp. 3-30 on the leisure experience).
Brandon-Lai, S.A., Funk, D.C., & Jordan, J.S. (2015). The stage-based development of behavioral regulation within the context of physically active leisure. Journal of Leisure Research, 47(4), 401-424. [Bibliographer’s note: this article, in the terminology of the SLP, reports data on nonwork obligation.]
Breeze, M. (2013). Analysing 'seriousness' in roller derby: Speaking critically with the serious leisure perspective. Sociological Research Online, 18(4), 23 <http://www.socresonline.org.uk/18/4/23.html> 10.5153/sro.3236
Bryce, J. (2001). The technological transformation of leisure. Social Science Computer Review, 19, 7-16.
Caldwell, L.L. (2011). Leisure. In B. B. Brown & M. J. Prinstein (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence, Vol. 2 (pp. 169-177). San Diego: Academic Press.
Caldwell, L. L., & Smith, E. A. (2006). Leisure as a context for youth development and delinquency prevention. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 39, 398-418.
Caldwell, L. L. & Smith, E. (2007). Leisure as a context for youth development and delinquency prevention. In A. France & R. Hommel (Eds.), Pathways and crime prevention: Theory, policy, and practice (pp. 271-297). Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.
Carnicelli-Filho, S. (2010). Rafting guides: Leisure, work and lifestyle. Annals of Leisure Research, 13, 282-297.
Coffman, D. D. (2006). Voices of experience: Interviews of adult community band members in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia. International Journal of Community Music, 4, Selected Papers and Abstracts from the Music and Lifelong Learning Symposium.
Cohen-Gewerc, E. & Stebbins, R. A. (2013). Serious Leisure and Individuality. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press. (Publisher's description)
Cosma, S., Zerva, K., Bota, M. and Fleșeriu, C., 2018. A Study On the Romanians’ Profile Among Leisure Activities. Amfiteatru Economic, 20 (Special no. 12), pp.920-934. DOI: 10.24818/EA/2018/S12/920
Crawford, D. W., Jackson, E. L., & Godbey, G. (1991). A hierarchical model of leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences, 13(4), 309–320. doi:10.1080/01490409109513147.
Dieser, R.D., Christenson, J., & Davis-Gage, D. (2014). Integrating flow theory and the serious leisure perspective into mental health counseling. Counselling Psychology Quarterly DOI 10.1080/09515070.2014.944883
Dieser, R. B., Edginton, C. R., & Ziemer, R. (2017). Decreasing patient stress and physician/medical workforce burnout through health care environments: Uncovering the serious leisure perspective at Mayo Clinic's Campus in Rochester, Minnesota. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 92(6), published online at DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2017.03.017.
Doll, J., Stigger, M. P., Neves de Oliveira, S., de Souza, L. K., Pacheco, A. C., Anater, L. S. T., & Sbicigo, J. B. (2018). Inventário do lazer sério: Adaptação transcultural e evidências de validade do serious leisure inventory and measure (SLIM). Movimento: Revista da Escola de Educação Física, 24(4), 1139-1154.
Druckman, A., & Gatersleben, B. (2019). A time-use approach: High subjective wellbeing, low carbon leisure. Journal of Public Mental Health, https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1108/JPMH-04-2018-0024.
Easthope, G. (2007). Sail training adventures. In G. Jennings (Ed.), Water-based tourism, sport, leisure, and recreational experiences (pp. 207-220). Burlington, MA: Elsevier.
Elkington, S. & Stebbins, R. A. (2014). The serious leisure perspective: An introduction. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. (Publisher's description)
Freire, T., Tavares, D., Silva, E., & Teixeira, A. (2016). Flow, leisure, and positive youth development. In: Harmat, L., Ørsted Andersen, F., Ullén, F., Wright, J., & Sadlo, G. (Eds), Flow experience, pp. 163-178. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Gallant, K. (2017). Serious leisure: Past, present and possibilities. In K. Spracklen, B. Lashua, E. Sharpe, & S. Swain (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of leisure theory (pp. 437-455). Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Gallant, K., Smale, B., & Arai, S. (2016): Measurement of feelings of obligation to volunteer: The obligation to volunteer as commitment (OVC) and obligation to volunteer as duty (OVD) scales. Leisure Studies. DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2016.1182204
Giese, G.M. (2009). Understanding parental involvement in youth sports through the concept of serious leisure. Masters thesis, School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services, University of Northern Iowa (USA).
Gnoth, J., & Matteucci, X. (2014). A phenomenological view of the behavioural tourism research literature. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 8(1), 3-21.
Harmon, J., & Woosnam, K. (2016). Extending the leisure substitutability concept. Annals of Leisure Research. Published online: 21 Sep 2016 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11745398.2016.1235485.
Hayosh, T. (2018). Serious leisure: Culture and consumption in modern society. Tel Aviv: Resling. (Text in Hebrew, with a lengthy English abstract attached here.)
Heintzman, P. (2015). Leisure and spirituality: Biblical, historical, and contemporary perspectives. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.
Henderson, S., & Spracklen, K. (2014). From serious leisure to serious work, or, when folk music struck a chord: Habermasian rationality and agency. Leisure/Loisir, 38, 207-224.
Henderson, S., & Spracklen, K. (2018) “Plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose”: Music promoting, digital leisure, social media and community, Leisure Sciences, 40(4), 239-250, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2017.1378139
Higginbotham, G. (2014). Locating intergenerational sense of self: Intersections of genealogy with leisure and tourism. Master's dissertation, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, Brock University, Canada. Available online at: Available online at:
Hurly, J. (2019). ‘I feel something is still missing’: Leisure meanings of African refugee women in Canada. Leisure Studies, 38(1), 1-14, DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2018.1515241
Isik, U. (2018). How to Be a Serious Leisure Participant? (A Case Study). Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(9), 146-151. doi:10.11114/jets.v6i9.3453.
Jafari, A., & Maclaran, P. (2014). Escaping into the world of make-up routines in Iran. The Sociological Review, 62(2), 359-382.
Jennings, G. (2007). Sailing/cruising. In G. Jennings (Ed.), Water-based tourism, sport, leisure, and recreational experiences (pp. 23-45). Burlington, MA: Elsevier.
Joulain, M., Martinent, G., Taliercio, A., Bailly, N., Ferrand, C., & Kamel, G. (2017). Social and leisure activity profiles and well-being among the older adults: A longitudinal study. Aging & Mental Health, DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2017.1394442.
Kleiber, D. A., & Nimrod, G. (2009). 'I can't be very sad': Constraint and adaptation in the leisure of a 'learning in retirement' group. Leisure Studies, 28, 67-83.
Kerstetter, D. L., Yarnal, C. M., Son, J. S., Yen, I-Y., & Baker, B. S. (2008). Functional support associated with belonging to the Red Hat Society®, a leisure-based social network. Journal of Leisure Research, 40, 531-555.
Kono, S., Walker, G. J., Ito, E., & Hagi, Y. (2019). Theorizing leisure's roles in the pursuit of ikigai (life worthiness): A mixed-methods approach. Leisure Sciences, 41(4), 237-259, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2017.1356255.
Kuykendall, L., Tay, L., Ng, V. (2015). Leisure engagement and subjective well-being: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038508.
La Spina, A. (2013). The concept of leisure. In F.M. Lo Verde, I. Modi, & G. Cappello (Eds.), Mapping leisure across borders (pp. 41-50). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Lamont M., Kennelly, M., & Moyle, B.D. (2015). Toward conceptual advancement of costs and perseverance within the serious leisure perspective. Journal of Leisure Research, 47, 647-654.
Lee, C., & Payne, L.L. (2016). Experiencing flow in different types of serious leisure in later life. World Leisure Journal, 58(3), 163-178, DOI:10.1080/16078055.2016.1143389
Lee, C., Sung, Y.-T., Zhou, Y., & Lee, S. (2018). The relationships between the seriousness of leisure activities, social support and school adaptation among Asian international students in the U.S. Leisure Studies, published online at: https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/02614367.2017.1339289
Lee, W., & Jeon, C. (2018). Effects of pro-environmental destination image and leisure sports mania on motivation and pro-environmental behavior of visitors to Korea's national parks. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 10, 25-35.
Lepp, A. (2009). Leisure and obligation: An investigation of volunteer tourists' experience at Kenya's Taita Discovery Center. Journal of Leisure Research, 41, 253-260.
MacCosham, B., & Gravelle, F. (2017): A model for achieving short-term and long-term goals in a leisure career, Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure, DOI: 10.1080/07053436.2017.1378510
Merelas-Iglesias, T., & Sánchez-Bello, A. (2019). Benefits of leisure in overcoming gender violence experiences: A case study. Leisure Studies, 38(1), 15-27, DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2018.1511744
Munné, F., & Codina, N. (2002). Ocio et tiempo libre: Consideraciones desde una perspectiva psicosocial. Licere, Belo Horizonte, 5(1), 59-72.
Nottle, C., & Young, J. (2019). Individuals, instinct and moralities: Exploring multi-species leisure using the serious leisure perspective. Leisure Studies, 38(3), 303-316, DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2019.1572777.
Oliveira, S. N., & Doll. J. (2016). A carreira no lazer: Uma possibilidade a partir da perspectiva do serious leisure. Licere, 19(3), 293-331. (in Portuguese, English abstract)
Overgaard, C. (2019). Rethinking volunteering as a form of unpaid work. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 48(1), 128-145.
Parker, S. R., Hamilton-Smith, E., & Davidson, P. (1993). Serious and other leisure: Thirty Australians. World Leisure & Recreation, 35(Spring), 14-18.
Pickard, S. (2017). Politically engaged leisure: The political participation of young people in contemporary Britain beyond the serious leisure model. Angles: French Perspectives in the Anglophone World. Published online 15 November 2017, published online at: http://angles.saesfrance.org/index.php?id=1083
Quirk, L.C. (2014). A study of the information practices of Afghan newcomer youth in the contexts of leisure and settlement. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto.
Review of Stebbins, R.A., Serious Leisure: A Perspective for Our Time by Saulo Neves de Oliveira and Johannes Doll available at http://seer.ufrgs.br/Movimento/article/view/23641/17354 (in Portuguese).
Roberts, K. (2013). Sociology of leisure. Sociopedia.isa, pp. 1-13. DOI: 10.1177/205684601371
Romero, S., Iraurgi, I., & Madariaga, A. (2017). Valoración psicométrica de la versión española del SLIM (Serious Leisure Inventory and Measure) en contextos deportivos. Revista de Psicología del Deporte/Journal of Sport Psychology, 26(2), 63-70.
Rowe, D. (2011). Serious leisure studies: The roads ahead less travelled. World Leisure Journal, 53, 23-26.
Røpke, I. (2009). Theories of practice — New inspiration for ecological economic studies on consumption. Ecological Economics, 68(10), 2490-2497.
Sa1, H. J., Lee, C. W., Kim, M. J., Chun, S. B., & Nam, S.-B. (2015). Leisure facilitators and recreation specialization for female participants in running events. Asian Social Science, 11(27), http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n27p175.
Seo, Y. (2016). Professionalized consumption and identity transformations in the field of eports. Journal of Business Research, 69(1), 264–272
Shamir, B. (1988). Commitment and leisure. Sociological Perspectives, 31, 238-258.
Sivan, A., Tam, V., Siu, G., & Stebbins, R. (2019). Adolescents’ choice and pursuit of their most important and interesting leisure activities. Leisure Studies, 38(1), 98-113, DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2018.1539867.
Smith, D. H., Stebbins, R. A., & Dover, M. (2006). A dictionary of nonprofit terms and concepts. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. (See entries on the three forms of leisure and their types).
Snape, R., Haworth, J., McHugh, S., & Carson, J. (2017). Leisure in a post-work society. World Leisure Journal, 59(3), 184-194 | DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2017.134548.3.
Stebbins, R. A. (1995). Leisure and selfishness: An exploration. In G. S. Fain (Ed.), Reflections on the philosophy of leisure, (Vol. 2, pp. 292-303). Reston, VA: American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance.
Stebbins, R. A. (1997). Lifestyle as a generic concept in ethnographic research. Quality & Quantity, 31, 347-360.
Stebbins, R. A. (2000). Obligation as an aspect of leisure experience. Journal of Leisure Research, 32, 152-155.
Stebbins , R. A. (2000). Optimal leisure lifestyle: Combining serious and casual leisure for personal well-being. In M. C. Cabeza (Ed.), Leisure and human development: Proposals for the 6th World Leisure Congress. (pp. 101-107). Bilbao, Spain: University of Deusto.
Stebbins, R. A. (2002). The organizational basis of leisure participation: A motivational exploration. State College, PA: Venture Publishin
Stebbins, R.A. (2002-2014). “Leisure Reflections.” LSA Newsletter articles on diverse aspects of the serious leisure perspective (see Digital Library).
Stebbins, R. A. (2004). Fun, enjoyable, satisfying, fulfilling: Describing positive leisure experience. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, 69(November), 8-11.
Stebbins, R. A. (2005). Challenging mountain nature: Risk, motive, and lifestyle in three hobbyist sports. Calgary, AB: Detselig. (See chap. 7 on optimal leisure lifestyle).
Stebbins, R. A. (2005). Choice and experiential definitions of leisure. Leisure Sciences, 27, 349-352.
Stebbins, R. A. (2005). The role of leisure in arts administration. Occasional Paper Series, Paper No. 1. Eugene, OR: Center for Community Arts and Public Policy, University of Oregon. [Published online at: http://aad.uoregon.edu/icas/documents/stebbins0305.pdf]
Stebbins, R. A. (2006). Contemplation as leisure and nonleisure. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, 73.
Stebbins, R. A. (2006). Extending the serious leisure perspective. In S. Elkington, I. Jones, & L. Lawrence, (Eds.). Serious leisure: Extensions and applications (pp. 1-4). Eastbourne, UK: LSA Publications, University of Brighton.
Stebbins, R. A. (2006). Leisure and popular culture. In G. Ritzer (Ed.), The Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Stebbins, R. A. (2006). Leisure Lifestyles. In R. E. McCarville & K. J. MacKay (Eds.), Leisure for Canadians. State College, PA: Venture.
Stebbins, R. A. (2006). Shopping as leisure, obligation, and community. Leisure/Loisir, 30, 475-486.
Stebbins, R. A. (2007). Serious leisure: A perspective for our time. New Brunswick, NJ: AldineTransaction.
Stebbins, R. A. (2007). The sociology of leisure and recreation. In C. D. Bryant & D. L. Peck (Eds.), 21st century sociology: A reference handbook, (Vol. 2, pp. 197-204, chap. 23). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Stebbins, R. A. (2008). Right leisure: Serious, casual, or project-based? NeuroRehabilitation - An Interdisciplinary Journal, 23, 335-341.
Stebbins, R. A. (2009). New leisure and leisure customization. World Leisure Journal, 51(2), 78-84.
Stebbins, R. A. (2009). Personal decisions in the public square: Beyond problem into a positive sociology. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publications.
Stebbins, R. A. (2009). The leisure industry and positive living: A neglected path to community development. International Journal of Tourism Development, 9 (3), 72-93.
Stebbins, R. A. (2009). Leisure and consumption: Common ground, separate worlds. Houndmills, Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. (pp. 89-91.)
Stebbins, R. A. (2010). Fulfilling leisure for youth. YDI research brief number 6. AgriLife Research and Extension, Texas A&M University. [Available at http://ydi.tamu.edu/wp-content/uploads/YDI-RB-6-Fulfilling-Leisure-for-Youth.pdf]
Stebbins, R. A. (2012). The Idea of leisure. Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publications. (Publisher's description)
Stebbins, R. A. (2012). Leisure and happiness: An intricate relationship.” Journal of Zhejiang University, 42 (January), 31-43. (Chinese and English versions)
Stebbins, R. A. (2012). Compromiso temporal discrecional: Efectos sobre la elección y el estilo de ocio (Discretionary time commitment: Effects on leisure choiceand lifestyle). Arbor: Ciencia, Pensamiento y Cultura, 188, 293-300. (abstract in English, article in Spanish).
Stebbins, R. A. (2013). Work and Leisure in the Middle East: The Common Ground of Two Separate Worlds. Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publications. (Publisher's description)
Stebbins, R.A. (2013). Consumerism as shaped by the pursuit of leisure. In Blackshaw, T. (Ed.), Routledge handbook of leisure studies (pp. 402-412). London: Routledge.
Stebbins, R.A. (2013). Research and theory on positiveness in the social sciences: The central role of leisure. In T. Friere (Ed.), Positive leisure science: From subjective experience to social contexts (pp. 3-20). Dordrecht: Springer.
Stebbins, R.A. (2013). Planning your time in retirement: How to cultivate a leisure lifestyle to suit your needs and Interests. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. (Publisher's description)
Stebbins, R.A. (2013). Formal grounded theory, the serious leisure perspective, and positive sociology. In J. Low & G. Bowden (Eds.), The Chicago school diaspora: Epistemology and substance (pp. 366-379). Montreal, QC: McGill-Queens University Press.
Stebbins, R.A. (2013). Leisure’s borders: What are we exporting beyond them? In F.M. Lo Verde, I. Modi, & G. Cappello (Eds.), Mapping leisure across borders (pp. 20-29). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Stebbins, R.A. (2014). Leisure, happiness and positive lifestyle. In S. Elkington & S.J. Gammon (Eds.), Contemporary perspectives in leisure: Meanings, motives and lifelong learning (pp. 28-38). London: Routledge.
Stebbins, R.A. (2014). Lazer e felicidade [Leisure and happiness]. Com ciência: Revista electrônica de jornalismo científico, 10 September.
Stebbins, R.A. (2014). Careers in serious leisure: From dabbler to devotee in search of fulfillment. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). Leisure and positive psychology: Activities linked with positiveness. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). The interrelationship between play and leisure: Play as leisure, Leisure as Play. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Visible leisure in the community: Its negative side. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, March 2016.
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Getting the big picture of leisure. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, Leisure Reflections no. 42, 1 July (online edition).
Stebbins, R. A. (2016). Hedonism, eudaimonism, and the serious leisure perspective. In J. Vittersø (Ed.), Handbook of eudaimonic well-being (pp. 497-506). New York: Springer.
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Leisure’s images: Commonsense, personal and professional/practitioners. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, November 2016.
Stebbins, R. A. (2016). The serious leisure perspective or the leisure experience perspective? A rejoinder to Veal.” Published in Research Gate, September. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31471.23203
Stebbins, R. A. (2017). Leisure activities in context: A micro-macro/agency-structure interpretation of leisure. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Stebbins, R. A. (2017, March). Leisure Reflections (Research Blog)...No. 44: The Role of History in Leisure Studies. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter.
Stebbins, R. A. (2017). From humility to hubris among scholars and politicians: Exploring expressions of self-esteem and achievement. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group.
Stebbins, R. A. (2017). The literature review in exploratory leisure research. LSA Newsletter (27 October), online edition.
Stebbins, R.A. (2017). The sociology of leisure: An estranged child of mainstream sociology. International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41978-017-0003-5
Stebbins, R. A. (2017). Self-directed learning as a basis for complex leisure. Loisir et Société/Society and Leisure, 40(3), pp. 377-387.
Stebbins, R. A. (2018). Leisure as not work: a (far too) common definition in theory and research on free-time activities. World Leisure Journal, 60(4), 255-264.
Stebbins, R. A. (March, 2018). Leisure Reflections (Research Blog)...No. 47: The Serious Leisure Perspective: Past, Present, and Future. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter.
Stebbins, R. A. (2018). Social worlds and the leisure experience. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group.
Stebbins, R. A. (2019). Leisure Reflections No. 51: Leisure-based sociability: A ubiquitous reward of free-time activity. LSA Newsletter, June 2019.
Stebbins, R. A. (2019). Sociability Associations: A Literature Review. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
Tsaur, S.-H., Liang, Y.-W., & Lin, W.-R. (2012). Conceptualization and measurement of the recreationist-environment fit. Journal of Leisure Research, 44, 110-130.
Veal, A. J. (1993). The concept of lifestyle: A review. Leisure Studies, 12, 233-252.
Veal, A. J. (2016). The serious leisure perspective and the experience of leisure. Leisure Sciences, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1189367.
Wen, J. (2017). Astronomy tourism: Exploring an emerging market - Group culture, individual experience, and industry future. PhD thesis; College of Business, Law and Governance; James Cook University; Townsville, Australia.