References included here were published in the last two years (2015+); see the Bibliography for earlier materials. Last updated January 15, 2016.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). Leisure and positive psychology: Activities linked with positiveness. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). The interrelationship between play and leisure: Play as leisure, Leisure as Play. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). Leisure and the motive to volunteer: Theories of serious, casual, and project-based leisure. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R. A. (2017). Leisure activities in context: A micro-macro/agency-structure interpretation of leisure. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
Articles & Chapters
Adesoye A. A., & Ajibua M. A. (2015). Exploring the concept of leisure and its impact on quality of life. American Journal of Social Science Research, 1(2), 77-84.
Akgül, B.M., Özdemir, A.S., Öğüt, E.E.E., & Karaküçük, S. (2016). Serious leisure inventory and measurement: Validity and reliability analysis (Ciddi Boş Zaman Envanteri ve Ölçümü : Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması). Journal of Human Sciences, 13(2). DOI:10.14687/jhs.v13i2.3739. Also available in Research Gate.
Akyildiz Munusturlar, M. (2016). Examination of the serious leisure, leisure satisfaction and quality of life of people with physical disabilities. Sport Sciences, 11(3), online edition available at: NWSA.2016.11.3.2B0105.
Allen-Collinson, J., & Hockey, J. (2015). From a certain point of view: Sensory phenomenological envisionings of running space and place. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 44(1), 63–83.
Argan, M., Kose, H., Sevil, G., Kaya, S., & Mehpare T. (2015). A case study approach to understanding event dimensions of local kite festival as leisure. International Journal of Health and Economic Development, 1(1): 37-45.
Beaumont, E., & Brown, D.H.K. (2015). “Once a local surfer, always a local surfer”: Local surfing careers in a southwest English village. Leisure Sciences, 37(1), 68-86.
Bendle, L.J., & Pooley, A.W. (2016). Higher skilled working tourists and their leisure lifestyles: A qualitative study of guest language instructors in South Korea. Leisure Studies, 35, 406-420. DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2014.967712
Berdychevsky, L., & Gibson, H. (2015). Women's sexual sensation seeking and risk taking
in leisure travel. Journal of Leisure Research, 47, 621-646.
Berdychevsky, L., & Nimrod, G. (2015). “Let's talk about sex": Discussions in seniors' online communities. Journal of Leisure Research, 47(4), 467-484.
Brandon-Lai, S.A., Funk, D.C., & Jordan, J.S. (2015). The stage-based development of behavioral regulation within the context of physically active leisure. Journal of Leisure Research, 47(4), 401-424. [Bibliographer’s note: this article, in the terminology of the SLP, reports data on nonwork obligation.]
Brayham, A. (2015). Never stop improving: The complexity and contradictions of DIY home renovating as a serious leisure pursuit. Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure, 38(1), 88-99. DOI: 10.1080/07053436.2015.1006962.
Broström, A.W. (2016). Learning to lead: The transition from participant to leader within the Swedish scout movement. World Leisure Journal, 58(1), 12-27.DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2015.1132004
Cayari, C. (2017). Music making on YouTube. In R. Mantie & G. D. Smith (Eds.), Oxford handbook of music making and leisure, pp.467-488. New York: Oxford University Press.
Cheng, E. (H-P), & Pegg, S., (2016) If I’m not gardening, I’m not at my happiest: Exploring the positive subjective experiences derived from serious leisure gardening by older adults. World Leisure Journal (online edition, 9 September). DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2016.1228219
Cheng, H.-P., Pegg, S., & Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Old bodies, young hearts: A qualitative exploration of the engagement of older male amateur rugby union players in Taiwan. Leisure Studies, 35(5), 549-563 DOI:10.1080/02614367.2015.1031270.
Coghlan, A., & Filo, K. (2016). Bringing personal character strengths into the production of the leisure experience. Leisure Sciences 38(2), 100-117. DOI:10.1080/01490400.2015.1087355
Cuenca-Amigo, M., Aristegui, I, Cuenca, M., & Amigo, M. L. (2017). The importance of leisure in older adults living in Spain. Annals of Leisure Research, 20(2), 222-239, DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2016.1217493
Dattilo, J. (2016). A balanced and systematic leisure education service delivery model: Connections to Eastern and Western perspectives. World Leisure Journal, 58(3), 179-192, DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2016.1162842
Davidson, L. (2015). The Narrative construction of self through a commitment to mountaineering. In G. Musa, J. Highham, & A. Thompson-Caar (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism (pp. 121-137). London: Routledge.
Davies, N. (2016). Who walks, where and why? Practitioners’ observations and perspectives on recreational walkers at UK tourist destinations. Annals of Leisure Research,Online edition, 14 November. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11745398.2016.1250648.
de Oliviera, S. N., & Doll, J. (2017). ‘This is the end, my beautiful friend!’: Lazer sério e o fim da carreira. Educação & Realidade, 42(1), online edition.
Demasson, A., Partridge, H. & Bruce, C. (2016). Information literacy and the serious leisure participant: Variation in the experience of using information to learn. Information Research, 21(2), paper 711. Retrieved from http://InformationR.net/ir/21-2/paper711.html (Archived by WebCite® at http://www.webcitation.org/6hn0cSj5s)
Dieser, R., & Christenson, J. (2017). Integrating positive psychology, behavioral activation, and the serious leisure perspective in mental health counseling: A case report. International Journal of Applied Positive Psychology, 23 February, DOI 10.1007/s41042-017-0006-y.
Dieser, R.B., Christenson, J., & Davis-Gage, D. (2016). The serious leisure perspective in mental health counseling. Counseling Today, 1 June (online edition).
Dustin, D., et al. (2015). Ruminations on the academic afterlife. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 30(2), ISSN 2162-4097. Available online at: http://js.sagamorepub.com/schole/article/view/6635
Elhanati, M. (2016). Critical theory and the digital culture-industry audience-work, serious leisure, and recognition. In U. Bittlingmayer et al. (Eds.), Handbuch kritische theorie (pp. 1-38). Wiesbaden: Springer Reference Sozialwissenschaften. DOI 10.1007/978-3-658-12707-7_68-1
Ellison, C. J., & White, A. L. (2017). Exploring leisure and retirement for people with intellectual disabilities. Annals of Leisure Research, 20(2), 188-205, DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2015.1122535
Fenech, A.M. (2015). A study of engagement in active and passive roles in casual leisure occupations. The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy, (2):6. DOI: 10.15453/2168-6408.1134.
Gallant, K., Smale, B., & Arai, S. (2016): Measurement of feelings of obligation to volunteer: The obligation to volunteer as commitment (OVC) and obligation to volunteer as duty (OVD) scales. Leisure Studies. DOI: 10.1080/02614367.2016.1182204
Garcia, A.C. (2016). An explorer in a cardboard land: Emotion, memory, and the embodied experience of doing jigsaw puzzles. International Journal of Play. DOI: 10.1080/21594937.2016.1203916
Geffroy, V. (2016). “Playing with space”: A conceptual basis for investigating active sport tourism practices. Journal of Sport and Tourism. Published online, http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/14775085.2016.1271349 .
Green, K., Thurston, M., & Vaage, O. (2015). Isn’t it good, Norwegian wood? Lifestyle and adventure sports participation among Norwegian youth. Leisure Studies, 34(5), 529-546.
Halpenny, E.A., Kulczycki, C., & Moghimehfar, F. (2016). Factors effecting destination and event loyalty: Examining the sustainability of a recurrent small-scale running event at Banff National Park. Journal of Sport & Tourism, Online version. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/14775085.2016.1218787.
Harmon, J., & Woosnam, K. (2016). Extending the leisure substitutability concept. Annals of Leisure Research. Published online: 21 Sep 2016 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11745398.2016.1235485.
Heintzman, P. (2015). Leisure and spirituality: Biblical, historical, and contemporary perspectives. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.
Heo, J., Chun, S., Lee, S., & Kim, J. (2016). Life satisfaction and psychological well-being of older adults with cancer experience: The role of optimism and volunteering. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 83(3), 274-289.
Hickman, M., Stokes, P., Gammon, S., Beard, C., & Inkster, A. (2016). Moments like diamonds in space: Savoring the ageing process through positive engagement with adventure sports. Annals of Leisure Research. Published online (7 October): http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11745398.2016.1241151
Hsuan, H. C. (2016). Gender differences in leisure involvement and flow experience in professional extreme sport activities. World Leisure Journal, DOI:10.1080/16078055.2016.1166152.
Hultsman, W. (2015). Dogs and companion/performance sport: Unique social worlds, serious leisure enthusiasts, and solid human-canine partnerships. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure (pp. 35-66). Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Iso-Ahola, S.E. (2015). Conscious versus nonconscious mind and leisure. Leisure Sciences, 37, 289-310, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2015.1005560
Iwasaki, Y., Messina, E., Shank, J., & Coyle, C. (2015). Role of leisure in meaning-making for
community-dwelling adults with mental illness: Inspiration for engaged life. Journal of Leisure Research, 47, 538-555.
Kim, M. L. (2015). Reinventory of the SLS: Development of SLSII. The Korean Journal of Physical Education, 54(2), 313-322.
Kim, J., Heo, J., Lee, I.H., & Kim, J. (2015). Predicting personal growth and happiness by using serious leisure model, Social Indicators Research, 122(1), 147-157.
Kim, J., Kim, M., Henderson, K.A., & Park, S.-H. (2016). Serious engagement in sport and health benefits among Korean immigrants in the USA. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Health and Well-Being, 11: 31340 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/qhw.v11.31340.
Kim, P.H., Longest, P.H., & Lippmann, S. (2015). The tortoise versus the hare: Progress and business viability differences between conventional and leisure-based founders. Journal of Business Venturing, 30(2), 185-204. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusvent.2014.02.005.
Kooiman, B.J., & Sheehan, D.P. (2015). Interacting with the past, present, and future of exergames: At the beginning of a new life cycle of video games? Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure, 38(1), 55-73. DOI: 10.1080/07053436.2015.1006960
Kuusi, T., & Haukola, P. (2017). Double life. Music as work and serious leisure. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 6(3), 18-32.
Lamont M., Kennelly, M., & Moyle, B.D. (2015). Toward conceptual advancement of costs and perseverance within the serious leisure perspective. Journal of Leisure Research, 47, 647-654.
Lee, J.-K., Lee, M.-S., & Lee, Y.-H. (2016). The effects of serious leisure of married men on leisure identity, family function and psychological well-being. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9(25), DOI: 10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i25/97206.
Lee, Y., & Kim, M. (2017). Serious leisure characteristics of older adult volunteers: The case of an international sporting event. World Leisure Journal, online edition. http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/16078055.2017.1305441
Lee, G., Pae, I., & Bendle, L.J. (2016). The role of identity salience in the leisure behavior of film festival participants. Journal of Leisure Research, 48(2), 156-177.
Lee, C., & Payne, L.L. (2015). Exploring the relationship between different types of serious leisure and successful aging. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 39, 1-18. DOI:10.1080/01924788.2015.994415
Lee, C., & Payne, L.L. (2016). Experiencing flow in different types of serious leisure in later life. World Leisure Journal, 58(3), 163-178, DOI:10.1080/16078055.2016.1143389
Lee, I. S., Brown, G., King, K., & Shipway, R. (2016). Social identity in serious sport event space. Event Management, 20(4), 491-499.
Lee, S., McMahan, K., & Scott, D. (2015). The gendered nature of serious birdwatching. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 20(1), 47-64. DOI: 10.1080/10871209.2015.956375
Liechty, T., Genoe, M. R., & Marston, H. R. (2016). Physically active leisure and the transition to retirement: the value of context. Annals of Leisure Research, 26 May (online) DOI: 10.1080/11745398.2016.1187570.
Liechty, T., Sveinson, K., Willfong, F., & Evans, K. (2015). “It doesn't matter how big or small you are…there's a position for you”: Body image among female tackle football players. Leisure Sciences, 37(2), 109-124. DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2014.980591
Liu, H-L, Bradley, M.J., & Burk, B. (2016). I am roller derby: The serious leisure and leisure identity of roller derby participants. World Leisure Journal, 58(1), 28-43.
Liu, H., & Yu, B. (2015). Serious leisure, leisure satisfaction and subjective well-being of Chinese university students, Social Indicators Research, 122(1), 159-174.
Lu, W.-H. (2017) Self-transformation in go games: An autoethnographic study of a serious leisure pursuit. Leisure Sciences, 39(1), 94-107, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2015.1136250.
Lynch, P., & Dibben, M. (2016). Exploring motivations for adventure recreation events: A New Zealand study. Annals of Leisure Research, 19 (1), 80-97.
Lyu, S.O., & Oh, C.-O. (2015). Bridging the conceptual frameworks of constraints negotiation and serious leisure to understand leisure benefit realization. Leisure Sciences, 37(2), 176-193
MacCosham, B., & Gravelle, F. (2016). Withdrawing from amateur junior ice hockey as a means for optimizing leisure experiences. Annals of Leisure Research, Online edition http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/11745398.2016.1256224.
MacCosham, B., Patry, P., Beswick, C., & Gravelle, F. (2015). Leisure lifestyle and dropout: Exploring the experience of amateur athletes in competitive sport. International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation & Tourism, 20, 20-39.
MacCosham, B. (2017). Negotiating leisure constraints: The case of an amateur musician with epilepsy. Leisure Studies. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/02614367.2017.1285955
MacCosham, B., & Gravelle, F. (2016). Impact of casual leisure on serious leisure experiences and identity in a Canadian junior hockey context. Leisure/Loisir, 40(3), 325-343.
Malone, T. (2017). “Singer’s Music”: Considering sacred harp singing as musical leisure and lived harmony. In R. Mantie & G. D. Smith (Eds.), Oxford handbook of music making and leisure, pp.565-584. New York: Oxford University Press.
Matteucci, X., & Filep, S. (2017). Eudaimonic tourist experiences: The case of flamenco. Leisure Studies, 36, 39-52. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/02614367.2015.1085590.
Meyers, L. (2017). The (misguided) pursuit of happiness. Counseling Today, 1 February, online edition.
Moir, Z. (2017). Popular music making and young people: Education and industry. In R. Mantie & G. D. Smith (Eds.), Oxford handbook of music making and leisure, pp. 223-240. New York: Oxford University Press.
Moularde, J., & Weaver, A. (2016). Serious about leisure, serious about destinations: Mountain bikers and destination attractiveness. Journal of Sport & Tourism. DOI: 10.1080/14775085.2016.1164069
Munusturlar, M.A., & Argan, M. (2016). Development of the serious and casual leisure measure. World Leisure Journal, 58(2), 124-141. DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2015.1126759
Murray, D.W., & O'Neill, M.A. (2015). Home brewing and serious leisure: Exploring the motivation to engage in and the resultant satisfaction derived through participation. World Leisure Journal, 57(4), 284-296.
Oliveira, S. N., & Doll. J. (2016). A carreira no lazer: Uma possibilidade a partir da perspectiva do serious leisure. Licere, 19(3), 293-331. (in Portuguese, English abstract)
Özdemir, A. S., Karaküçük, S., Akgül, B.M., & Erturan-Ogut, E. (2016). Serious Leisure Inventory and Measurement: Validity and reliability analysis/Ciddi Boş Zaman Envanterive Ölçümü: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Journal of Human Sciences, 13(2), online edition (June), DOI: 10.14687/jhs.v13i2.3739. (From the English abstract: “These results show that the scale is valid and reliable to measure forms of Serious Leisure.” Main article in Turkish.)
Patterson, I., Getz, D., & Grubb, K. (2016). The social world and event travel career of the serious yoga devotee. Leisure Studies, 35(3), 296-313. DOI:10.1080/02614367.2014.962583
Pagliarin, S. (2016). Working leisure: Entertaining guests in gated tourist resorts. Leisure Studies (online edition, 28 November).
Review of Stebbins, R.A., Serious Leisure: A Perspective for Our Time by Saulo Neves de Oliveira and Johannes Doll available at http://seer.ufrgs.br/Movimento/article/view/23641/17354 (in Portuguese).
Rossow-Kimball, B., Lewis, M., & Blackhurst, M. (2017). “I can find my own Elder!” Cultural engagement as serious leisure for Aboriginal adults living in non-Aboriginal group homes. Leisure Studies, 36, 244-255.
Schneider, B., & McCoy, L. (2016). The labour of leisure: The work of square dance calling. Leisure/Loisir, 40(4), 375-393.
Seo, Y. (2016). Professionalized consumption and identity transformations in the field of eSports. Journal of Business Research, 69(1), 264- 272 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.07.039
Seo, Y., Buchanan-Oliver, M., & Fam, K.S. (2015). Advancing research on computer game consumption: A future research agenda. Journal of Consumer Behaviour 14(6), online edition DOI: 10.1002/cb.1557.
Simmons, J.M., Mahoney, T.Q., & Hambrick, M.E. (2016). Leisure, work, and family: How IronMEN balance the demands of three resource-intensive roles. Leisure Sciences, 38, 232-248.
Shipway, R., King, K., Lee, I.S., & Brown, G. (2016). Understanding cycle tourism experiences at the Tour Down Under. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 20(1), 21-39.
Shupe, F.L., & Gagné, P. (2016). Motives for and personal and social benefits of airplane piloting as a serious leisure activity for women. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 45, 85-112. doi:10.1177/0891241614561676
Smith, D. H., Stebbins, R. A., & Grotz, J. (Eds.) (2017). Palgrave handbook of volunteering, civic participation, nonprofit associations. Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). Case study 4: The mountaineering flow experience. In G. Musa, J. Highham, & A. Thompson-Caar (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism (pp. 181-186). London: Routledge.
Stebbins, R.A. (2015). Educação para a autorrealização: Processo e context (Education for self-fulfillment: Process and context). Revista Educação & Realidade, doi.org/10.1590/2175-623651738.
Stebbins, R. A. (2015). Leisure Reflections (Research Blog)...No 40: Tourism, Flow, and the Serious Leisure Perspective, LSA Newsletter, 3 November, 2015. (https://leisurestudiesblog.wordpress.com/2015/11/03/tourism-flow-and-the-serious-leisure-perspective/#more-159)
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Costs, constraints, and perseverance: A rejoinder to Lamont, Kennelly, and Moyle. Journal of Leisure Research, 48(1), 1-4.
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Visible leisure in the community: Its negative side. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, March 2016.
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Dumazedier, the serious leisure perspective, and leisure in Brazil. World Leisure Journal, 58(3), 151-162, DOI: 10.1080/16078055.2016.1158205.
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Getting the big picture of leisure. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, Leisure Reflections no. 42, 1 July (online edition).
Stebbins, R.A. (2016). Leisure’s images: Commonsense, personal and professional/practitioners. Leisure Studies Association Newsletter, November 2016.
Stebbins, R. A. (2016). The serious leisure perspective or the leisure experience perspective? A rejoinder to Veal.” Published in Research Gate, September. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.31471.23203.
Stebbins, R,A. (2016). Volunteer motivations and nonprofit organizations. In P. Prysmakova, D. R. Vienne, & A. Farazmand (Eds.), Global encyclopedia of public administration, public policy, and governance. New York: Springer International (online version). DOI: DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2581-1.
Stebbins, R. A. (2016). Social entrepreneurship. In P. Prysmakova, D. R. Vienne, & A. Farazmand (Eds.), Global encyclopedia of public administration, public policy, and governance. New York: Springer International (online version). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31816-5_2582-1
Stebbins, R. A. (2017). Leisure music production: Its spaces and places. In R. Mantie & G. D. Smith (Eds.), Oxford handbook of music making and leisure, pp. 223-240. New York: Oxford University Press.
Thurnell-Read, T. (2016). Real ale enthusiasts, serious leisure and the costs of getting “too serious” about beer. Leisure Sciences, 38(1), 68-84. DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2015.1046618
Stebbins, R. A. (2016). Hedonism, eudaimonism, and the serious leisure perspective. In J. Vittersø (Ed.), Handbook of eudaimonic well-being (pp. 497-506). New York: Springer.
R. A. Stebbins (2017). Leisure music production: Its spaces and places. In R. Mantie & G. D. Smith (Eds.), Oxford handbook of music making and leisure, pp. 347-362. New York: Oxford University Press.
Vargas, G.R., Silvae, D.S., & Amaral, S.C.F. (2015). Participação em um grupo de escalada como uma prática de lazer. Licere, Belo Horizonte, 8(4), 94-133. (in Portuguese)
Veal, A. J. (2016). The serious leisure perspective and the experience of leisure. Leisure Sciences, DOI: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1189367.
Weaver, D. (2015). Volunteer tourism and beyond: Motivations and barriers to participation in protected area enhancement. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(5), 683-705.
Wegner, C.E., Ridinger, L.L., Jordan, J.S., & Funk, D.C. (2015). Get serious: Gender and constraints to long-distance running. Journal of Leisure Research, 47, 305-321.
Wei, X., Huang, S., Stodolska, M., & Yu, Y. (2015). Leisure time, leisure activities, and happiness in China. Journal of Leisure Research, 47, 556-576.
Wheaton, B. (2017). Surfing through the life-course: Silver surfers’ negotiation of ageing. Annals of Leisure Research, 20(1), 96-116.
Wichmann, A. (2017). Participating in the World Gymnaestrada: An expression and experience of community. Leisure Studies, 36, 21-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/10.1080/02614367.2015.1052836
Young, J. (2015). At the nexus: Serious leisure, civic engagement, and animal welfare and well-being. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure (pp. 67-88). Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dissertations & Theses
Günak, T. (2015). Spaß oder Wettbewerb in der Freizeit?: Motive zur Teilnahme an einem Basketballturnier anhand der Serious Leisure Perspective (Fun or competition in leisure?: Motives to participate in a basketball tournament on the basis of Serious Leisure Perspective). Saarbrücken, Germany: AV Akademikerverlag.
Jones, J. P. (2015). Pick-up artists and serious leisure: Exploring the online seduction community. Masters thesis, University of Chester, Chester, UK.
MacCosham, B. (2015). Leisure Lifestyle and Casual Leisure’s Influence on Athletic Identity, Performance and Perception of Hockey in Dropout Amateur Junior Hockey Players. Master of Arts in Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Canada.
Oliveira, S. N. (2016). Lazer sério e envelhecimento bem-sucedido: A carreira de corredores de rua do sul do Brasil (Aging and serious leisure: Exploring the career of distance runners in a running group in southern Brazil). PhD thesis, Faculdade de Educação, Universidade Federal Rio Grande do Sul .